2012. Centre for Comparative and International Studies (CIS) Working Paper No. 77, Zurich [»].
This paper explores the properties that cross-national activities need to have in order to shape the attitudes of state officials in non-democratic countries toward democratic governance. By looking at bureaucrats, a group of actors is selected that plays a crucial role in sustaining authoritarian rule or eventually implementing democratic change from within the state apparatus. The results of cross-sectional, multivariate regression analyses based on original survey data covering the attitudes of Moroccan officials emphasize that linkage needs to provide the opportunity to practice in order to socialize into democratic governance in authoritarian contexts, a condition fulfilled by cooperative exchange within transgovernmental networks, but not by more diffuse types of transnational linkage such as international education and foreign media broadcasting. The study offers central insights into the micro-mechanisms underlying democratic diffusion.